|Season start and end dates|
|Spring||March 20 – June 20|
|Summer||June 21 – September 21|
|val||September 22 – December 20|
|Winter||December 21–March 20|
Fall allergies develop because of high amounts of allergens, such as grass and ragweed, which are common in many areas during the fall months.
According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, there are several plants that can trigger seasonal fall allergies. Unlike ragweed, these plants include:
- Burning Bush
- lamb quarters
- pork herb
- russian thistle
Some other factors have been associated with the onset of seasonal fall allergies. These factors revolve around climate and can include:
- Cool nights and warm days that make ambrosia pollen thrive
- High heat and humidity that encourages mold growth
- Spending time outdoors during the morning when pollen levels are highest
- High pollen counts after a rain shower
- High winds that increase the amount of pollen in the air
Can you distance yourself from allergies?
While winter allergies are less common than fall and spring allergies, they do exist. The same allergy symptoms will occur; however, they are usually caused by indoor allergens, as opposed to those obtained outdoors in the warmer months.
Indoor allergens can include:
- dust mites
- pet dander
These are year-round allergy triggers, but they can be increased in winter by spending more time indoors, increasing exposure to them.
The biggest factor causing winter allergies is the extra time spent indoors, around indoor allergens, when the temperature outside drops.
In areas of the country where winters are warm or tropical, winter allergies are not caused by too much time indoors. Rather, they are due to the warm climate that allows grass to pollinate for most of the year.
Where you live and seasonal allergies
Spring is the time of year when most people suffer from seasonal allergies. This is due to the pollen released by plants in the spring.
Trees are often the most responsible for spring allergies. Some specific tree allergens include:
- oak trees
- horse chestnut
The climate has a lot to do with spring allergies, as a milder winter can lead to an early spring thaw. This causes an earlier and later longer spring season and aggravated spring allergies.
Usually there is a lot of rain in the spring and that can also cause symptoms. As rain washes away pollen, pollen counts rise significantly after the rain falls.
Treatment for seasonal allergies usually relies on medications, but some natural remedies can also help.
There are several types of medications that are given for seasonal allergies. They contain:
- antihistamines: antihistamines are drugs designed to inhibit the action of histamine, which causes some allergy symptoms.
- antileukotrienes: leukotrienea chemical produced in the body is released in response to an allergen and causes symptoms that affect the airways. antileukotrienes are designed to reduce their effect to help prevent and relieve symptoms.
- Glucocorticoids: Glucocorticoids can reduce the inflammation in the body caused by the immune system because it fights allergens.
In some cases, natural remedies can be used alongside other medications or on their own to reduce allergy symptoms. Some natural remedies are:
- Saline nasal irrigation, which is rinsing the nasal cavity with salt water
- Butterbur, an herb that has been shown to help relieve itchy eyes
- Incense essential oil can be used to reduce the symptoms of allergies
The best way to prevent allergies is to avoid triggers. While this can be difficult, it will help you avoid symptoms.
Other ways you can prevent allergy symptoms include:
- Stay indoors when pollen counts are high.
- Avoid drying your clothes on an outside line if the pollen count is high.
- Protect your eyes with wraparound sunglasses.
- During allergy season, try to keep all doors and windows of your home closed as much as possible.
Can I take medications to prevent allergy symptoms?
Allergies can affect people all year round due to various allergens or allergy triggers. Seasonal allergies are allergies that affect people more often at a certain time of the year. Seasonal allergies are most common in the spring, but can occur at any time of the year or in any geographic area.
Treatment for allergies includes antihistamines, antileukotrienes, glucocorticoids, or natural remedies such as saline nasal irrigation. Allergies can be prevented by avoiding allergy triggers.
A word from Verywell
Allergies can be difficult to deal with, even if your symptoms are mild. While there is no way to completely avoid allergens all the time, you can use strategies to further prevent symptoms. If you have severe allergies that affect your daily functioning, talk to your healthcare provider about possible medications that may be helpful for you. Seasonal allergies are uncomfortable, but they can be managed effectively.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do you know if you have seasonal allergies?
If you suffer from any of the symptoms of seasonal allergies, such as itchy or watery eyes, a stuffy or runny nose, or a cough, you may have seasonal allergies. The best way to tell if they are allergies is to check when they come and go and if other symptoms are present. This can include body aches and fever, which may indicate that something other than seasonal allergies is the cause.
How do you know if you are allergic or COVID-19?
There are several symptoms of seasonal allergies and COVID-19 that overlap. However, there are also many COVID-19 symptoms that would not occur with seasonal allergies, such as fever, loss of taste or smell, and body aches or pains. It is important to pay close attention to your symptoms to ensure that you seek appropriate medical care.
How do you know if you have an allergy or a cold?
Colds can present with symptoms not associated with allergies, such as a fever. If you have itchy or watery eyes accompanied by other cold-like symptoms, you probably have an allergy. Monitor your symptoms accordingly and call your healthcare provider if in doubt.
Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to back up the facts in our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable and trustworthy.
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