The promise of precision nutrition research | NICHD

It is the season to celebrate with family and friends. Food often plays a major role in our holiday celebrations, from sharing a meal to sharing traditional sweets. For many, December is a time to relax and have fun before focusing on healthy eating as the new year begins.

But what defines eating for health? Obviously, there is no one-size-fits-all healthy diet. The emerging field of micronutrition aims to provide personalized nutritional recommendations to improve health and quality of life based on an individual’s genetics, gut microbiome, biological, lifestyle, and other environmental and social factors.

Precision nutrition is the central focus of the 2020-2030 Strategic Plan for Nutrition Research by the National Institutes of Health. NICHD played a key role in shaping the plan and ensuring that the groups we care about — women, children, and people with disabilities — are included in the NIH’s long-term nutrition strategy. The plan directs research to understand how what we eat affects us, investigate what and when we should eat for optimal health, determine the role of nutrition over the lifespan, and determine how we can improve the use of food as medicine.

To advance towards these goals, the National Institutes of Health Joint Fund Nutrition for Precision Health, supported by the All of Us Research Program (NPH) He will conduct a study to explore how individuals respond to different diets. NICHD co-chairs the working group that administers NPH.

Determining how to combine the many factors that influence individual nutritional responses will help make more personalized nutrition recommendations. the NPH The study will recruit a diverse group of 10,000 participants from the National Institutes of Health all of us Research program to develop algorithms that predict individuals’ responses to food and diet patterns. The researchers will collect new data on potential predictive factors and combine them with existing ones all of us Data to gain a more comprehensive understanding of how individuals respond to different foods and dietary routines.

In general, the National Institutes of Health all of us The research program aims to enhance personal healthcare by enrolling at least 1 million participants to contribute their health data over many years. Recruitment efforts focus on reflecting the diversity of the United States and include participants from communities that have been historically underrepresented in health research.

to go on a date, all of us More than half a million people are enrolled, all of them 18 or older. Although many of the participants provided electronic health records dating back to the period of care they received during their childhood, I am excited about the effort to begin enrolling children and adolescents in this delicate medical effort. this fall, all of us Welcomed Sarah Van Drest, MD, as the first Director of Pediatrics. Dr. Van Drest is a pediatrician and researcher who co-leads the Vanderbilt Integrated Center of Excellence in Precision Therapy for Mothers and Children (VICE-MPRINT) as part of NICHD’s MPRINT Center. In her new position, she is leading the development of a model for child recruitment and family involvement in all of us.

Childhood nutrition lays the foundation for lifelong health. Nutrition serves as an overarching theme in the institute’s strategic plan, and we investigate its effects from infancy, through childhood and adolescence, to the childbearing years and beyond. We still have a lot to learn about how genetics, environment, and experiences in families and communities influence our nutrition and influence our overall health. I look forward to the insights he provides all of us The program and other research initiatives of the National Institutes of Health will bring in this regard.

The promise of precision nutrition research | NICHD

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