Acıbadem Bakırköy Hospital Brain and Nerve Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Gökhan Akdemir gave information about the problems caused by insomnia in humans. The incidence of insomnia; prof. Dr. Gökhan Akdemir stated that it varies according to age, level of education and economic income: “While 10 out of 2 people in the world suffer from insomnia at night, 10 out of 5 people suffer from insomnia at least 1-2 times a month. While the insomnia rate is generally around 30 percent, this figure rises to 38 percent in our country. In other words, 10 out of 4 people in our country struggle with insomnia”.
If we consider that an adult sleeps an average of 7-8 hours a day, we spend a third of our lives sleeping. Dr. Gökhan Akdemir said: “Sleep, which is an important part of our lives, plays a key role in our brain health. Like cells in other parts of our body, neurons in our brain are supported by cells called glia. During daytime work, many waste products such as beta-albumin and tau are released during the functioning of the nerves in our brain. These waste products are removed from the brain by glial cells during sleep, so when we wake up after a good night’s sleep, our brains are ready for another day. When we are sleep deprived, the waste products in our brain cannot be removed from our brain because the glial cells cannot perform their duties. As a result, our nerve cells slow down in their work, forgetfulness and difficulty making decisions develop.” he said.
The study, conducted at the University of California, was conducted on 3 types of insomnia groups. prof dr. Gökhan Akdemir summarized the study showing how insomnia affects well-being as follows:
Those who sleep less per day: The first study was conducted in 24 young people aged 7-18 who slept less than 26 hours in 24 hours. The study investigated the ‘helping’ behavior of young people. In addition, functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging measured brain activity in some areas of the brain, such as the middle prefrontal cortex (frontal area) and superior temporal sulcus (temporal area), involved in socialization and helping behavior. . In functional MRI studies; A high rate of 78 percent decrease was observed in the activities of the “socializing and helping” behavioral areas of the brain with sleep deprivation.
Those who sleep four days less: In the second study conducted on 171 people; The ‘helping’ behavior of people who slept 4 days less was also investigated by means of a survey. In this group, it was found that there was a significant decrease in benevolence.
Who sleeps less according to the clock application: In the third group, ‘summer time’ was taken into account. With the changes implemented in March, people sleep an hour less and in November an hour more. Between 2016 and 2002, the donations of over 2002 million philanthropists were analyzed. We looked at the effect of changing an hour in March and November on donations. As a result of the study; It turned out that groups donated less when they slept less and more when they slept more.
“Which age group should sleep how many hours?”
Sleep time in children is important for brain development and cleansing, so the duration is longer. In adults, as the brain completes its development, sleep becomes more necessary to cleanse the brain. Therefore, sleep time is shortened. Neurosurgical specialist Prof. Dr. Gökhan Akdemir summarized the sleep duration per age group as follows:
1-2 years, 12-16 hours a day
3-5 years, 11-14 hours a day
6-12 years, 9-12 hours a day
13-18 years, 8-10 hours a day
Adults: At least 7 hours a day
Update: 24/01/2023 12:00