Important diagnosis for women over 30 years old; Mammography, Thyroid and others

Image source: FREEPIK Important diagnosis for women over 30

Every woman should make time for healthy habits, regular exercise, managing stress and choosing the right foods. Scheduling routine health checkups, which can catch potential problems early, is one such habit. As women move into their 30s, here are five tests women should consider taking regularly to maintain optimal health. Keep in mind that these tests may need to be started sooner if you have certain symptoms or carry certain risk factors, such as a family history of a certain disease.

1. Mammograms

A mammogram, which screens for breast cancer, involves squeezing the breast between the plates so that X-ray images can be captured. There has been a long debate about when and how often a woman should have them, since the risk of breast cancer increases with age and false positives from frequent screenings can do more harm than good. The most recent USPSTF guidelines recommend that, starting at age 50, women should have a mammogram every two years.

2. Thyroid

These blood tests are important in detecting an underactive (hypothyroidism) or overactive (hyperthyroidism) thyroid. In case of normal findings, testing once a year is recommended.

3. Blood pressure

A reading below 120/80 is ideal. If the reading is normal, get tested next year.

4. Blood sugar test

Done after a 12-hour fasting period, this helps detect diabetes. A reading of < 99 is normal; between 100 and 110 indicates pre-diabetes and above 110 indicates diabetes.

5. Vitamin D deficiency

An extremely common condition, vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of bone loss and osteoporosis in later years, among other things. A blood test reading < 30 indicates a deficiency.

6. Bone Density Screening

Women should begin screening for osteoporosis with a bone density test at age 65. Those with risk factors for osteoporosis, such as fractures or low body weight, should be screened earlier. For this test, called a DEXA scan, you lie on a table while a low-dose X-ray machine captures images of your bones.

(Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be considered as professional medical advice. Consult a physician before starting any fitness regimen or medical advice.)

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Important diagnosis for women over 30 years old; Mammography, Thyroid and others

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