High total or LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides are known as dyslipidemia.
Dyslipidemia increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and other health problems. Genetics, weight, and medication side effects are among the most common reasons why dyslipidemia develops.
Triglycerides are fats in your blood that come from your food and provide your cells with energy. Cholesterol is a group of molecules made up of fat and protein. Your body needs them to build cells and make hormones.
The two main types of cholesterol are high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). LDL is often referred to as bad cholesterol because it can cause plaque buildup in your arteries. HDL is often referred to as good cholesterol because it removes LDL from your blood.
Read on to learn more about what can cause high triglycerides and low HDL or high LDL, and how to get these molecules into a healthy range.
High triglycerides, low HDL and high LDL increase the risk of developing potentially life-threatening health problems. They generally don’t cause noticeable symptoms until they are severe.
Atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease
According to the
Atherosclerosis restricts blood flow and increases the risk of developing cardiovascular problems, including:
Cardiovascular disease caused by atherosclerosis is the world’s leading cause of death, says
High total cholesterol and blood pressure often occur together. A
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a condition that causes the buildup of fat in your liver, which can lead to liver damage and serious complications. According to 2020 research, its development is linked to:
Acute inflammation of the pancreas
Acute pancreatitis is a potentially serious condition that causes sudden inflammation of your pancreas. Most cases go away on their own, but it can also lead to serious complications such as kidney failure.
Despite being called good cholesterol, research suggests that very high levels of HDL may increase the risk of death.
The researchers found the lowest death rates at HDL levels of 73 mg/dL in men and 93 mg/dL in women. Mortality rates increased significantly with HDL levels above 97 mg/dL in men and 135 mg/dL in women.
A number of health conditions can negatively impact your lipid levels. According to the
A number of medications, such as birth control, diuretics, and HIV medications, can also negatively affect lipid levels.
If your doctor doesn’t expect that lifestyle changes will be enough to lower your triglyceride levels to a healthy range, they may recommend medications.
Some of the over-the-counter treatments that can help you treat dyslipidemia include:
It is important to talk to your doctor before taking any new dietary supplements.
Statins are the most common medication used to treat dyslipidemia. Your doctor may also recommend prescription strength:
Your doctor may also prescribe cholesterol absorption inhibitors or bile acid resins.
Your doctor can help you develop a plan to lower your triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Here’s a look at some of the lifestyle changes you can make.
- Red meat
- dairy products made from whole milk
- fried food
- Processed meat
- sugar-sweetened foods
Exercise can help you maintain a moderate weight. According to the Obesity Action Coalition, every extra 10 pounds produces about 10 milligrams of extra cholesterol per day. Weight loss of about 20 pounds was found to lower LDL by 15 percent, increase triglycerides by 30 percent and increase HDL levels.
Drink less alcohol
Smoking has been shown to lower your good cholesterol and raise your bad cholesterol. The
If you have high triglycerides or high cholesterol, your doctor can help determine a treatment plan. Often, lifestyle changes alone are enough to keep your blood lipid levels in check. Your doctor may also recommend that you take medication if you have severe dyslipidemia.
It’s important to have your cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked regularly so you can see how they change over time. The
High triglycerides, high LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Weight, genetics, and medications are among the most common causes of high triglycerides and cholesterol.
Your doctor can advise you on how lifestyle changes and medications can help lower your risk of cardiovascular disease.