High Triglycerides And Low HDL: Risks, Causes And Treatment

High Triglycerides And Low HDL: Risks, Causes And Treatment

High total or LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides are known as dyslipidemia.

Dyslipidemia increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and other health problems. Genetics, weight, and medication side effects are among the most common reasons why dyslipidemia develops.

Triglycerides are fats in your blood that come from your food and provide your cells with energy. Cholesterol is a group of molecules made up of fat and protein. Your body needs them to build cells and make hormones.

The two main types of cholesterol are high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). LDL is often referred to as bad cholesterol because it can cause plaque buildup in your arteries. HDL is often referred to as good cholesterol because it removes LDL from your blood.

Read on to learn more about what can cause high triglycerides and low HDL or high LDL, and how to get these molecules into a healthy range.

High triglycerides, low HDL and high LDL increase the risk of developing potentially life-threatening health problems. They generally don’t cause noticeable symptoms until they are severe.

Atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease

According to the American Heart Association (AHA)high triglycerides, low HDL, and high LDL are risk factors for developing atherosclerosis, a narrowing of your arteries caused by plaque buildup.

Atherosclerosis restricts blood flow and increases the risk of developing cardiovascular problems, including:

Cardiovascular disease caused by atherosclerosis is the world’s leading cause of death, says survey 2017.

High bloodpressure

High total cholesterol and blood pressure often occur together. A study 2021 found that high total cholesterol is positively correlated with high blood pressure.

In a 2016 studyresearchers found that in a Japanese male population of working age, high total cholesterol and LDL levels significantly increased the risk of developing high blood pressure.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a condition that causes the buildup of fat in your liver, which can lead to liver damage and serious complications. According to 2020 research, its development is linked to:

Acute inflammation of the pancreas

Acute pancreatitis is a potentially serious condition that causes sudden inflammation of your pancreas. Most cases go away on their own, but it can also lead to serious complications such as kidney failure.

Research from 2018 has found that your risk of developing acute pancreatitis may rarely increase with higher levels of triglycerides in your blood.

Despite being called good cholesterol, research suggests that very high levels of HDL may increase the risk of death.

In a Danish study 2017researchers analyzed the death rate in groups of 52,268 European men and 64,240 women over an average of 6.4 years.

The researchers found the lowest death rates at HDL levels of 73 mg/dL in men and 93 mg/dL in women. Mortality rates increased significantly with HDL levels above 97 mg/dL in men and 135 mg/dL in women.

A number of health conditions can negatively impact your lipid levels. According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institutethese conditions include:

A number of medications, such as birth control, diuretics, and HIV medications, can also negatively affect lipid levels.

If your doctor doesn’t expect that lifestyle changes will be enough to lower your triglyceride levels to a healthy range, they may recommend medications.

Over-the-counter treatments

Some of the over-the-counter treatments that can help you treat dyslipidemia include:

It is important to talk to your doctor before taking any new dietary supplements.

Prescription treatments

Statins are the most common medication used to treat dyslipidemia. Your doctor may also recommend prescription strength:

Your doctor may also prescribe cholesterol absorption inhibitors or bile acid resins.

Your doctor can help you develop a plan to lower your triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Here’s a look at some of the lifestyle changes you can make.

eating pattern

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020 to 2025 recommend keeping your saturated fat intake below 10 percent of your daily calories and replacing saturated fats with unsaturated fats.

The AHA recommends cooking with vegetable oil and limiting:

  • Red meat
  • dairy products made from whole milk
  • fried food
  • Processed meat
  • sodium
  • sugar-sweetened foods

Research from 2021 has found that a diet high in monounsaturated fats helps to lower LDL levels and raise HDL levels. Olive oil and avocado oil are high in monounsaturated fats.

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015 to 2020 suggest that replacing saturated fat with carbohydrates lowers LDL and total cholesterol, but raises triglycerides and lowers HDL.

Soluble Fiber

A 2015 overview of studies found that eating whole grains can lower your LDL and total cholesterol, but not lower HDL or triglycerides. The researchers found that whole-grain oats seem to be the most effective.

Excercise

Exercise can help you maintain a moderate weight. According to the Obesity Action Coalition, every extra 10 pounds produces about 10 milligrams of extra cholesterol per day. Weight loss of about 20 pounds was found to lower LDL by 15 percent, increase triglycerides by 30 percent and increase HDL levels.

Drink less alcohol

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends limiting alcohol to improve cholesterol levels. They suggest that men should drink no more than two drinks a day, while women should drink no more than one.

Quit smoking

Smoking has been shown to lower your good cholesterol and raise your bad cholesterol. The CDC recommends stopping if you currently smoke and not starting if you don’t. While this is often difficult, a doctor can help create a quitting plan that works for you.

If you have high triglycerides or high cholesterol, your doctor can help determine a treatment plan. Often, lifestyle changes alone are enough to keep your blood lipid levels in check. Your doctor may also recommend that you take medication if you have severe dyslipidemia.

It’s important to have your cholesterol and triglyceride levels checked regularly so you can see how they change over time. The CDC recommends adults with a low risk of cardiovascular disease to get tested every 5 years. People at risk of cardiovascular disease should be tested more often.

High triglycerides, high LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Weight, genetics, and medications are among the most common causes of high triglycerides and cholesterol.

Your doctor can advise you on how lifestyle changes and medications can help lower your risk of cardiovascular disease.

High Triglycerides And Low HDL: Risks, Causes And Treatment

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