Coronary artery disease – symptoms and causes

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Stephen Kopecky, MD, Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic: I’m Dr. Stephen Kopecky, a cardiologist at the Mayo Clinic. In this video, we’ll cover the basics of coronary artery disease. What is it? Who understands? Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment. Whether you’re looking for answers for yourself or someone you love, we’re here to provide you with the best information available.

Coronary artery disease, also called CAD, is a condition that affects the heart. It is the most common heart disease in the United States. boor it happens when the coronary arteries struggle to supply the heart with enough blood, oxygen, and nutrients. Cholesterol deposits, or plaque, are almost always to blame. These buildups narrow your arteries, decreasing blood flow to your heart. This can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, or even a heart attack. boor it usually takes a long time to develop. Often, patients don’t know they have it until there is a problem. But there are ways to prevent coronary artery disease and ways to know if you’re at risk and ways to treat it.

Who understands?

Anyone can develop boor🇧🇷 It starts when fats, cholesterol and other substances build up on artery walls. This process is called atherosclerosis. It is usually not a cause for concern. However, too much buildup can lead to a blockage, obstructing blood flow. There are a number of risk factors, common warning signs, that can contribute to this and ultimately lead to coronary artery disease. First, getting older can mean more damaged and narrower arteries. Second, men are generally at greater risk. But the risk for women increases after menopause. Existing health conditions are also important. High blood pressure can thicken the arteries, narrowing blood flow. Elevated cholesterol levels can increase the rate of plaque buildup. Diabetes is also associated with a higher risk, as is being overweight. Your lifestyle also plays a big role. Physical inactivity, long periods of unrelieved stress in your life, an unhealthy diet, and smoking can all increase your risk. And finally, family history. If a close relative was diagnosed at an early age with heart disease, you are at increased risk. All of these factors together can paint a picture of your risk of developing boor🇧🇷

What are the symptoms?

When the coronary arteries become narrow, the heart does not receive enough oxygen-rich blood. Remember, unlike most pumps, the heart needs to pump its own supply of energy. It’s working more with less. And you may start to notice these signs and symptoms of pressure or tightness in your chest. This pain is called angina. It may feel like someone is standing on your chest. When your heart cannot pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs, you may develop shortness of breath or extreme fatigue during activities. And if an artery becomes completely blocked, it leads to a heart attack. Classic signs and symptoms of a heart attack include crushing, substernal chest pain, shoulder or arm pain, shortness of breath, and sweating. However, many heart attacks have minimal or no symptoms and are caught later during routine testing.

How is it diagnosed?

diagnosing boor Start by talking to your doctor. They will be able to review your medical history, do a physical exam, and order routine blood tests. Depending on this, they may suggest one or more of the following tests: electrocardiogram or ECG, echocardiogram or heart sound wave test, stress test, cardiac catheterization, and angiogram or cardiac exam CT Scan.

How is it treated?

Treating coronary artery disease usually means making changes to your lifestyle. This could be eating healthier foods, exercising regularly, losing excess weight, reducing stress or quitting smoking. The good news is that these changes can do a lot to improve your outlook. Living a healthier life translates to having healthier arteries. When necessary, treatment may involve medications such as aspirin, cholesterol-modifying medications, beta-blockers, or certain medical procedures such as angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery.

And now?

Finding out you have coronary artery disease can be overwhelming. But be encouraged. There are things you can do to manage and live with this condition. Lowering cholesterol, lowering blood pressure, quitting smoking, eating healthier, exercising, and managing stress can make a big difference. Better heart health starts with educating yourself. So don’t be afraid to seek information and ask your doctors about coronary artery disease. If you want to learn even more about this condition, watch our other related videos or visit Mayoclinic.org. We wish you well.

Coronary artery disease – symptoms and causes

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